Morality in ancient Egyptian civilization was the most important aspect. You cannot find any powerful civilization without ethics and morals.
Now, we are going to talk about some facts about ethics and morality in ancient Egyptian civilization.
1- The life of the ancient Egyptian families
The successful live of families was the backbone of the successful society, so all sociologist around the world interested in the Egyptian families especially in the ancient Egyptian history.
The inscriptions on the wall of the Memphis’ tombs have shown the daily lives of the ancient Egyptians families, whereas these tombs considered as an important source which can help them to take the most important information about the lives of the Egyptian families, as well as the agricultural and industrial life.
The senior state man in the ancient Egyptian state was accompanying his wife during his tours in the country, besides that his wife shared him his life with pleasure, joy, and they were surrounded by their children, consequently, their life was calm, stable and filled with happiness.
The descriptions engraved on several tombs confirmed that their life was very beautiful.
In another Inscription, a child with his father in the boat and he was plucking the Iris flower, also the second description was one of the rich Egyptians sat down in his garden and his children surrounded him, as well as they were playing the soccer or sitting nearby the small pool in the garden or catching fish.
with no doubt, all these repeated inscriptions confirmed that the ancient Egyptian life was calm and stable.
All sociologists around the whole world who interested in the ancient Egyptian civilization gave us an important studies and researches which helped us in our life and led the English sociologist”MacDougal” to say that all these morals resulted for the relationships between the Egyptian families, so the ancient Egyptian society was very successful and has become a good example for a high moral society.
On the other hand, the Europian societies committed great mistakes against their children which are going to cause bad effects in the Europian societies in the future.
2- The hard work
There were several inscriptions of farms filled with brilliant colours, as well as, all these inscriptions which date back to old kingdom have shown that the ancient Egyptians’ daily life, but we will take some captures from these views which include gathering the crops, storing the grains in the Silos and working in the farms from this research.
The ancient Egyptians were very clever in all different fields of the life as well as, both of ancient Egyptian female and male peasant worked very hard with pleasure in the farms.
Besides that, they used specific animals such as horse cow, camels, and goats ….etc which help them to cultivate their lands.
Through some inscriptions which are drawn on the wall of Saqqara tombs have shown that the owner of the farms supervised the ancient Egyptian female and male peasant during their work on the farms such as sow the grains, harvest the crops and domesticating the animals.
Some pictures have shown that the ancient Egyptian peasant was punished by the owner of the farms, so one of the archaeologists has called the term “servitude” especially after seeing these inscriptions. They did not understand the meaning of this punishment.
There is a question, if someone was a tax evader or cheater can we punish him or give him a prize?!
At the present time, if the official bodies who in charge for the international factories found an employee commits a big mistake or someone steals something from the factory, the question here, what they can do for them?
Does the new law forgive them?
So these Inscriptions have shown these peasants who punished by the owner of the farms that they were tax evader so they deserve this punishment, and according to the ancient Egyptian law confirmed that the Hitting with a stick was the good punishment for them.
So why did not we get these pictures and engravings with an open mind, whereas they were putting laws to ban stealing and cheating.
All these pictures have shown that the ancient Egyptians worked very hard in all different fields such as cultivating the lands and manufacture ornaments from the gold and other mistakes, as well as, they used the strong stones such as the Granite and Diorite to sculpture the different statues in these ancient Egyptian periods, so the ancient Egyptian attainted great achievements and established a great civilization hasn’t seen like this before.
Without any doubt, the ancient Egyptians knew the value of the work which had an important role to build the society and the state, if the ancient Egyptians did not work very hard, could they build the pyramids or temples?!
According to all these evidence, it is confirmed that the ancient Egyptians were very intelligent whereas they had a plan and a specific target so they attained great and successful achievements in the whole world.
The title of the ancient Egyptian civilization was “The dawn of human history”.
3- The Conscience
The conscience is one of the most important morality in ancient Egyptian civilization in the ancient Egyptian society, whereas, several inscriptions which date back to 2500 B.C has confirmed that the human conscience was one of the features that distinguished the ancient Egyptian society from other societies around the whole world.
According to that, the ancient Egyptian society has reached the highest level of the prosperity and success. By the way, there were no ancient or modern civilizations attained this prosperity an success like the ancient Egyptian civilization.
“The human Conscience”:-
In psychological terms “the human conscience” described as leading to feelings when a human commits an action that goes against his or her moral values, moreover, wishing them good luck for others whatever their position in the ancient Egyptian society.
There were several illustrative examples of the different categories of people who abide by the ethical principles such as the governor of the province, the clergyman and a citizen who does not have any authority.
- The governor of the province
This is the first example, there were some inscriptions on the tomb of The governor of the province “Gabl – El Thuban”. He narrated his personal conscience and told us that “ he was dealing the others with good behavior and he never lie to anyone. Besides that, he was friendly with his sisters and brothers. Not only that, but he was also good with the animals and the birds, whereas he fed the wolves and birds of prey the meat of dead cattles.
These inscriptions of this tomb date back to the last period of the fourth dynasty. We have a popular quote in Egypt (Think first of somebody else).
The ancient Egyptians were very sympathetic with the others and with the good luck to them, according to that, we learned to wish a good luck for others, so the ancient Egyptians never be selfish.
- The clergyman
The second example is the clergyman who had the priestly authority in the ancient Egyptian society was very abide by the ethical principles and morality in ancient Egyptian civilization, whereas He has never been violent with anyone, as well as, he satisfied the gods and offered the sacrifices to them, in order to live my eternal tomb forever, and everyone remembers and praise me forever without paying me an empty compliment.
- The Citizen who did not have any authority
This is the third example, We found a text inscribed on the tomb of the ancient Egyptian citizens said “ O mankind! Offer me a Funeral sacrifice, Because I beloved from everyone, I never steal things which belong to someone and I never lash, as well as, I Satisfied with everyone.
According to, the moral principles which were established by the ancient Egyptians, the ancient Egyptian civilization reached to the highest level of the success and prosperity whereas they established their civilization on the justice, and the right, all these moral principles controlled the universe and the ancient Egyptian society and have shown the relation between the governor and his people in the society.