Kings of Egypt, facts about pharaoh Amenhotep II

King Amenhotep II

He was the seventh ruler of the 18th dynasty and the son of Thoutmosis III and queen Merytra. King Amenhotep II is one of the most famous Kings of Egypt.

In the 54 year of Thoutmosis III’s reign, the aging king appointed his son Amenhotep II as co-regent. They shared the monarchy for little more than two years until the death of Thoutmosis III.

Then Amenhotep II ascended the throne as a sole king and proved to be as great and as powerful as his father.

Amenhotep II was born and raised in Memphis, and as a young man, he was a fund of training horses in his father’s stables at the Memphite region.

A great limestone stela discovered in 1937 at Giza records that he was extraordinarily strong and a great sportsman enjoying horse-riding, rowing, and archery.

The majority of Amenhotep II’s reign, which lasted for about 27 years, was peaceful, providing a lengthy period of stability.

King Amenhotep II
Facts about Egyptian king Amenhotep II

He undertook three campaigns into Syria and Palestine, but no military activity seems to have been considered necessary in Nubia.

The first of his campaigns is believed to have started while Thoutmosis III was still alive, yet successfully accomplished after his death.

However, according to some scholars, this campaign took place in the third year of Amenhotep II’s sole reign.

The two other campaigns were directed in the seventh and ninth years of his reign.

In one of his campaigns, probably the first, Amenhotep II crushed a rebellion in northern Syria and returned back with seven of the Asiatic princes as prisoners from a town called Takshy.

He personally sacrificed them before Amun-Ra.

He cut their heads and hung 6 of them on the walls of Thebes and sent the 7th head to Nabata in Nubia to threaten the princes there that if they ever thought of revolting their end will be the same.

The news of Amenhotep II campaigns was recorded on a huge alabaster stela which he erected in the sanctuary of his father’s temple at Amada (in Nubia).

Another important stela was discovered recently at Memphis.

This stela records that he carried out another campaign in Asia and that he brought back many prisoners including 3690 of the Hebrews.

The discovery of these royal mummies in Amenhotep’s tomb and in the royal cachette of Deir el-Bahari was due to chance.

Towards the end of the new kingdom, tomb robbers plundered the tombs and destroyed the mummies in order to gain possession of the jewels which adorned them.

These mummies were collected on the orders of Pinudjem of the 21st dynasty.

Some of them were hidden in an old tomb of the XI dynasty at Deir El Bahari, while the others were placed in a small chamber in the tomb of Amenhotep II at the Valley of the Kings.

The mummies were kept safe in these two places until they were discovered in 1875 and 1898 respectively.

Notice that: the cachette of Deir el Bahari included the mummies of Seqenenre, Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Seti I, Ramesses II, Ramesses III and the mummies of some queens and high priests.