Egypt pharaoh Ramses III, the religious reasons behind his assassination

Egyptian king Ramses III

The Egypt pharaoh king Ramses III was one of the most powerful and famous kings among the list of pharaohs who ruled ancient Egypt.

Before knowing the religious reasons which led to the assassination of the king, we must mention brief and interesting information about that pharaoh.

King Ramses III was the most famous king of the New Kingdom in general and the 20th dynasty in particular.

The New Kingdom was titled by the era of the military glory because the kings of this era were very cared about involving in wars and establishing the first empire in the history.

The historians considered king Ramses III the real founder of the 20th dynasty. They also considered him the last powerful Egyptian pharaoh because he protected Egypt against a real danger not less than the danger of the Hyksos.

The main achievement

  • He defeated the Sea People who tried to attack Egypt from Gaza and from the Western estuary of the Nile.
  • He also defeated the Libyans troops who attacked Egypt from the West.

After the death of Egypt pharaoh Ramses III, the New Kingdom was about to collapse because Egypt was ruled by weak kings who could not control the country against the invasion and the increased influence of the priests, so the New Kingdom collapsed and Egypt entered into a dark age.

The religious reasons behind the assassination of the king Ramses III

After the many wars which Egypt involved in under the leadership of king Ramses III, the king tended to the peace and rest.

Egypt at that time faced a religious transformation, as the king allowed the immigrations of Aryans and Sea People to settle in Egypt.

Not only that but also he appointed them to high-rank positions in the army and the administrative positions.

The Egyptian priests started feeling anger and discontent, especially after the widespread of the names of Asian deities like Baal, Ishtar, Anat, and Kadesh.

Some Egyptians also named their children after these Asian names. A large number of Egyptians started presenting offerings and allocating their money and land to these deities.

We have found a text referred to an Egyptian engineer left an Endowment in “Bait Shan” in Palestine for the local god of this city.

Another Egyptian was mentioned in this text who allocated an endowment for the Syrian god “Baal Zafon” the local deity of “Ogaret” in North Syria.

In addition to that, the king did not attend the ceremony of god Amun coming, as this god had a great importance in ancient Egypt.

The ancient Egyptian used to attend the occasion of god Amun coming to the Karnak. This ceremony was known by the “Valley Festival”.

The king, priests, and the people used to celebrate it in the 2nd month of the summer when god Amun came to the Karnak by his sacred boat accompanied by god Mut, Amount, and Khonsu to visit the city of the dead people.

In this ceremony the priest and the king were performing different types of rituals and blessing to the gods to protect the previous king in the other world.

As we said before, king Ramses III did not attend this festival because he used to spend his time with his Harem.

So, the priests felt that it was an offense, as the king did not care about them and the main deity of the state.

Although there was no definite proof that the priests of Amun who planned to assassinate the king but they were feeling resentment, and most likely they planned to kill the king at the time of the ceremony for some possible reasons, the most important of them is that all the followers of Amun would be there, so they were united together to kill the king.

Now we have mentioned the religious reasons which stand behind the assassination of Egypt pharaoh king Ramses III.

Assassination of pharaoh Ramses III
Egyptian pharaoh king Ramses III