Now we are going to talk about the ancient Egyptian mummification as it was considered one of the most important aspects of the religious life in ancient Egypt.
After the death of the person, his family was carrying him and went to the mummification workshop beside the cemetery and talking with the master of the workshop, as the family of the dead agreed to two matters which are:
- Giving the master of the workshop all the information related to the identity of the dead.
- Inspecting the methods of mummification to choose one of them and paying the money.
Ancient Egypt mummification: the identity of the dead
The ancient Egyptian believed that the most important thing in mummification process was the identity of the dead to enable his soul from identifying him in the otherworld. If his soul could not know him, the dead would not go to the heaven.
Another reason is that the workshop of mummification was receiving hundreds of dead people every day, so it was very important to know the identity of the each one.
We have discovered a papyrus which is now displayed at the Egyptian Museum holds number 499, reveals that there was a man worked in a job of writing the names and the information about each dead people in cards, and then he hang these cards around their necks, this job looks like the public servant who writes the death certificates nowadays.
Egyptian mummification: the method of the mummification
Herodotus mentioned in his book about Egypt at the second part of it the three methods of mummification in the Egyptian civilization which are:
The mummification of the rich people
In this kind, the workers were using high quality of substances and they extracted the brain through the two holes of the nose, and also they had to extract the viscera.
The mummification of the middle-class people
The workers were injecting the body with an enema filled with rice oil to extract the viscera out of the body, and then they dehydrated, rubbing, and wrapped it.
The difference between the method of this class and the previous one was that the workers were interested in the internal organs of the body of rich people.
The mummification of the poor people
The workers in this process did not extract the brain and viscera; they only rubbed and wrapped the body with the linen.
Ancient Egyptian mummification: the duration of it
The texts differed about determining the duration of this process; some texts mentioned that it took 300 days; other texts said it exceeded 40 days, and others said it was only 40 days.
Now we have mentioned the most important facts about the ancient Egyptian mummification.