Ancient Egyptian Medicine, what is Ebers Papyrus?

Ancient Egypt facts, Ebers Papyrus

Here we are going to mention some interesting facts about Ebers Papyrus, which from have known a lot about the ancient Egyptian Medicine.

Ebers Papyrus is considered the oldest annals for a preserved curative-document, and it is the largest Papyrus in the world.

Facts about Egyptian Medicine
Ancient Egyptian Medicine, Ebers Papyrus

It dates back to 1600:1550 B.C, 3600 years ago. It consists of 110 papers; each paper is 21m in length. It contains about 700 Prescriptions for curing a lot of diseases.

In addition to the prescriptions for curing burns, wounds, and crocodiles’ bites, it contains remedies for curing Diabetes, Arthritis, Gyniatrics, Dentistry, Migraine, Asthma, natural remedies and methods for Contraception, Mental Diseases like Depression, besides an accurate diagnosis for Cardiovascular Diseases.

This Papyrus was named after the German Egyptologist “George Ebers”, who bought it in 1872. This Papyrus is found now at the library of Leipzig University in Germany.

The Papyrus has mentioned that the ancient Egyptian doctor has used a lot of medical substances and materials, among them:

  • The liver, as it contains a large amount of Vitamin A.
  • Gallbladder and liver of the Bull, Calf, and Pig, because their gallbladder and liver contain a large amount of the same Vitamin.
  • The bile of fishes.
  • Some medical herbs like Carthamus tinctorius.
  • The tallow of a serpent.
It is noteworthy to mention that this Papyrus dates back to the 2nd intermediate period, at the era of Hyksos invasion, but a lot of evidence has proved that Ebers Papyrus is an Egyptian one.

In the 1970s, an Egyptian stamp documented this Papyrus on the occasion of World Health Day for Diabetics. This stamp commemorated the memory of this Papyrus along with the ancient Egyptian physician “Hsy-Re”.

Ancient Egypt has a lot of facts and the Ebers Papyrus as a great part of ancient Egyptian Medicine considers one of the most important facts about ancient Egypt.