Here, we are going to mention some ancient Egyptian facts about tomb robbery.
Did the Egyptologists discover something called “tomb robbery Papyrus”? Was tomb robbery deep-rooted to the age of Pharaonic Egypt not to modern time as most people think? Let’s go back to the era of king Ramses IX to find the truth.
After the ages of Egyptian civilization glory, Egypt has entered into an era of darkness and chaos, as the corruption and bribery have been spread.
At this time Egypt has witnessed a lot of tomb robbery gangs. These gangs spread all over Egypt and worked in a regular way.
People, priests, and even kings have suffered a lot because the matter became out of control. What happened made some priests wrote a papyrus called later “tomb robbery papyrus”.
This papyrus mentioned in detail the facts of a struggle were provoked between two persons, who were “Pa-Sr”, the ruler of the eastern Thebes. He was a good and honest man, and “Pr-Re” the ruler of the eastern land of Thebes. He was a tomb thief as he made up a gang specialized in robbing the royal tombs of ancient Egypt.
At this time another royal tombs thief has appeared he was called “Po-Khaf”. He set up a powerful gang and inserted women to his group.
But that is not the worst; some priests themselves made up gangs to rob the royal tombs, among them a priest called “Bn-oun-Hb”.
Those who mentioned were among a long list has reached to us from reports made at this time.
Corruption in ancient Egypt spread more and more, especially at the time of king Ramses XI at the 19th year of his rule. Of course, the tomb robbery increased and in a very scary image, so the priests revolted against Ramses IV, usurped the throne, and constituted the 21st dynasty.
The most of the papyruses relating to tomb robbery in ancient Egypt are now preserved at the British museum in London, but “Apot papyrus” is the most famous one.
We knew from this papyrus which called also “tomb robbery papyrus” that the kings’ tombs located at the western land of Thebes were not robbed till the 14th year of the rule of king Ramses IX except one tomb which belongs to king “Sobek-M-Saf”.
We could not know what happened after the reign of king Ramses XI, as we did not reach to any records related to this matter although the robbing of tombs did not stop, on the contrary, it increased.
But there is an important note, which is the tomb of king Tutankhamun was not robbed, and no one knows the real reason. This tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922.
And also the tomb of Queen “Iaah Hotep” the mother of king Ahmose I the founder of the 18th dynasty, it was also discovered semi-intact. This tomb was discovered by Mariette Pasha in 1859.
At the 21st dynasty, which is known also by the dynasty of priests, the priest “Horihor” owned both of the religious and royal powers.
This man has made the most critical decision, which was re-burying the mummies of kings and priests that were not robbed after restoring and wrapping it again with linen, and putting these mummies in a cache called later “El-Deir El-Bahari cache” or “Tomb DB320”. This cache was discovered by the family of “Abdel Rasul”.
The ancient Egyptian were very keen to preserve their mummies because they were believing in the eternal life and life after death, so they have made such great efforts to save and preserve their mummies from the robbers, and they mentioned the details of this struggle in a papyrus called “Apot papyrus” or tomb robbery papyrus.
In Egypt, you can discover a lot of ancient Egyptian facts, and tomb robbery in ancient Egypt is one of the most interesting facts about Egypt.