Now we are going to talk about wedding furniture as an important part of Egypt culture and traditions.
The Ancient Egyptian had put among the top priorities the wedding furniture, and the bride usually started her new life with suitable furniture called “Nikton Arhama or Nikton Siham”.
The furniture was her own, and she had the right to retrieve it if she was divorced from her husband died.
Meanwhile, a list of furniture was provided and signed by the bridegroom as requested by his in-laws.
In the list, the clothes, wigs, rings, bracelets and khalakel (gold or silver bands which had usually been worn around the ankles), were included as well as coffers, chests for clothes, mirrors, utensils, cooking pans, flower vases.
Probably, the bridegroom led the procession of his wedding as in the case of Ramses II who waited in one of his palaces located between Egypt and Phoenicia waiting for the arrival of the daughter of king Khatosil, who crossed a part of Asia Minor and Syria to become the first wife of the king.
Egyptian culture: Marriage through Islamic ages
The significance of the wedding furniture continued through the Islamic Ages, and a live example for it was that of Qatr al-Nada; the daughter of Khamarawuh, the son of Ibn Tulun.
The Historian Ibn Duqmaq said “he never saw or heard about such loads before it” Al-Maqrizi in the plans stated that Khamaorawh had spared no money or effort to make such splendid furniture for his daughter.
It was said that among the furniture, there was a four-piece golden platform, with grilled dome, hanging from which numerous gold earrings with a heavy pearl on each.
Meanwhile, the furniture there consisted of one thousand pillows, each priced at 10 Dinars.
In Ottoman Turkey also a great importance was given to the wedding furniture especially by the Sultans.
In the celebration of circumcision of the Sultan’s son poet Abdihad written a poem dated 1719-1720 describing the procession of the celebration.
He said that the furniture of the Sultan’s daughter was carried on eighty-six mules covered with silk embroidered saddles.
The bedroom furniture had bed covers made of velvet silk embroidered with gold and silver threads. The bedroom furniture had bed covers made of velvet silk embroidered with gold and silver threads.
The mules were also loaded with carpets table clothes, hangers and coats inlaid with diamond.
Among the supplies were also boots, foot-wears, pendants, bracelets, earrings encrusted with precious stones, four big binoculars and four other small magnifying glasses. Prepared were also a stool and a crown encrusted with precious stones.
The procession contained seven mules loaded with sugar and sweets shaped as palm trees, while boxes of fruits and candies were formed as fish, peacocks, lions, and a wide variety of birds.
The care and attention were given to the wedding furniture started by the Ancient Egyptians and continued through Islamic Ages to the Ottoman state, regardless of time, place of religion.
Among the interesting facts about marriage in Egyptian culture nowadays is that this custom still survives especially in the villages where they relate the wedding furniture to the social status and deep roots of the family of the bride even if they have to borrow money for it.