We are going to mention very culture specific fact about the culture of Egypt, which is performed during the ancient Egypt till nowadays.
Arousat Al-Mould is one of the most important habits of Egypt culture. It is made of sugar was known in Egypt during the reign of the Fatimid Caliph Muizz Ledin Allah.
Al-Maqrizi described the Simat “feasts” of Eid Al-Fitr” (small Bairam) during the Fatimid Dynasty; as the Dynasty; as the Commander of the police in Northern Egypt carried the Simat, palaces, statues, of sugar, dishes full of sweets.
While Al-Mohtaseb carried similar item plus a sugar tree with branches and fruits, two beautiful palaces of sugar.
The Ayyubid Dynasty
In the Ayyubid Dynasty, it was unlikely to celebrate Al-Mould, because the Fatimids copied these festivals from the Persians, while this was not the Ayubids who were under the Sunni doctrine.
However, the Magnificent king Muzafar Al-Din one of the prominent commanders of Saladin celebrated Al-Mould in such a way that reflected glory and prosperity, but sugar statues never appeared in this Simat.
This Egyptian cultural habit went on during the Mamluk dynasty. In the Mamluk dynasties, the moulds were held satisfy the Crusaders and Mongols.
The celebration of mould was not given great attention and care during the ottoman period.
However, soon after the departure of sultan Selim I, Kahir bek, his successor in Egypt wanted to approach the Egyptian, therefore he prepared the decorations and held the festivals.
Then the Muslim rulers continued these celebrations. The place of these festivals was in the house the house of Al-sada bakriya. Arouset El Mould undoubtedly has the deep-rooted background before the Fatimid.
- Ancient Egyptian sources:
- Dolls made out of ivory, bone, wood, clay, faience, and stone, were found in ancient Egyptians tomb.
- Also, Harris papyrus should that the offerings made by Ramses III to the Nile in the 12th century B.C., consisted of 879224 cakes, 2564 cows, 1089 goats, 154672 measures of fruits, and the bottom of the list, status for the Nile god “Hapi” made of gold, silver, lapis.
- Malachite steel, stone, and wood. All these objects were thrown as offerings to the Nile simultaneously with the magic spells, formulas and sacred writings.
- Some opinions refer to mould dolls to a roman origin since the resemble the trangra dolls found in abundance in Egypt.
- In the Greco-Roman Muslims in Alexandria, there is a statue of a lady in a roman garment hematon.
3- Coptic source: dolls and toys are on display in the Coptic Museum in old Cairo.
They were found among the excavations of Abou Mina. They were mostly made of ivory and bone.
Among those dolls, there is one made of earthenware, adorned with painted circles, resemble those decorating the Mould Doll.
The characteristics of Egyptian culture are represented in this custom.
Read also: Culture of Egypt, singing in ancient Egypt.