Caricature is a prominent part of the culture in Egypt. Now we are going to talk about this type of art.
Egypt culture facts: Caricature
An art with a vital significance since it reflects a specific meaning and fact in certain situations. Such reflections and expressions make psychological effect acceptable by the human norms.
It is remarkable that the caricature in the sense we know today was known to ancient Egypt since thousands of years.
It had political, social and religious significance in the past as it has at present. A live example from ancient Egypt was the scene of a cat guarding and leading six geese.
In her hand a whip and on her shoulder a staff. At the top of the scene, a nest with four large eggs is seen. The nest does not for, an integral part of the scene.
Meanwhile, such scenes were widely spread on large scale on the walls of the nobles, tombs of the Old Kingdom.
This scene was painted on limestone (fresco), and dated back to 1130 B.C.
Another example is a scene from the tomb # 9 of Ramses VI representing a dog biting the foot of a lion, while the lion is trying to flee, turning its head in terror.
The scene was in red and black and was probably a representation of the unstable position of the pharaoh since the lion always represented the power of the king.
And later in an advanced stage, the name of the king was inscribed on the lion sphinx, which we found in Giza representing king Chephren, and this matter implied a political significance.
Another scene showed a lion playing a chess with a dog and his facial feature implied that he was the winner.
Ancient Egypt culture: the fact of caricature in Islamic countries
This type of “expressionism” was also known to the Islamic countries especially when the lithography was used in the newspapers and caricature of which an invaluable collection was discovered and classified by Henry Nassie as follows:
1- Heroic adventures.
2- Fiction such as the story of khesro and shirren, Rostom adventures 1875, love story of Waraqa and Gelshah, and story of the wolf and fox, 1884.
3- The literature such as the lame and Water pipe, 1884.
Until today the art of caricature is still used worldwide to express and reflect certain political, social and economic situations.
And the relationship between the ruler and government on one hand, and their subjects on the other. Caricature is a pictorial joke.
This type of art considers as one of the most important parts of Egyptian culture.