Egypt art includes a lot of magnificent scenes on temples, architect, tombs, and masterpieces. Now we are going to talk about the statues of servants in ancient Egypt, and the statues of King Tuthmosis IV.
Showcase with servant statues
The showcase contains a collection of statues, made out of painted limestone representing a group of servants while performing their jobs. They date back to around the 4th or 5th dynasty. They were discovered in the tomb (mastaba) of “Mrs Ankh”.
The woman in the upper left is Ishat – her name is inscribed on the base of her statue – and she is grinding grain. Other people in this group are:
Roasting fowls, etc.
It should be noted that the ancient Egyptian always included statues for their servants within their funerary equipment, but they never buried their real servants with them like what was done by other contemporary cultures.
The idea of servant statues developed since the middle kingdom to what we call Ushabti statuettes.
But it should be mentioned that there were many differences between the old kingdom servant statues and the Ushabtis. These are:
Most of them are represented naked or wearing very little clothing as they were just servants and they didn’t need protection also to facilitate their movements while making their jobs. The difference in color is evident between the males and the females.
The ancient Egyptian artist mostly represented men in dark reddish brown color while women in pale light cream color. This relates to the place of their work, as men normally worked outdoors while women worked indoors.
Some examples of servant statues:
Ancient Egyptian art: the statue of a female brewer
This statue dates back to the end of the 5th dynasty. The woman is depicted while preparing beer called Hnqt in the ancient Egyptian language.
She is wearing a straight wig and a long kilt. Her torso is naked like most servants. Her face is very realistic and looking as if she listens to the instruction of her master.
Her reddish skin in unusual as the female was normally shown with pale skin may be as she worked for a long time in the sun.
She is engaged in preparing or brewing beer, which was a traditional ancient Egyptian drink. There were many kinds of beer. It was made of barley and sometimes with dates added to it.
They used to soak the partly baked bread of barley in water over night, and then they used to mix it to firm a mash, which was left to ferment. Later it was to be squeezed and strained through sieves.
- Egyptian art: the statue of a servant grinding grains
The ancient Egyptians used to grind grains of wheat and barley to make flour in order to use it in making bread. Bread was one of the most popular foods in ancient Egypt.
They knew more than 30 kinds of bread And bread shaped in the sign of the letter T in hieroglyphics.
- The art of Egypt: statue of a servant making pottery
It was discovered in the Mastaba of Ptah shepses Sakarra. This servant is seated on a block of stone with his legs spread apart to leave a space for making the jar that he is holding with one hand while with the other hand he is coating the interior with clay.
In front of him, there are three oval depressions cut into the base of the statute marking the place where three more jars will be put.
He is represented with his real hair ( a rare thing). He wears a short kilt and his face is relatively carefully carved.
Facts about Egypt art: statue of Thutmosis IV & his mother queen Ti c3
It is made out of gray granite that is brought from the quarries of Aswan. It was discovered in the Karnak cachette (court in front of the 7th pylon), by legrain in 1904-1905.
It dates back to the reign of king Thutmose IV, 18th dynasty, the new kingdom. It is a couple statue of king Thutmosis IV and his mother queen (Ti c3).
Thutmosis IV wanted to honor his mother and to raise her to the position of a royal wife or royal queen by making this statue in which she appears setting beside him on the throne of Egypt.
The statue shows the love and affection between the son and his mother. This is very well clear from the attitude as their arms are interlaced (each is putting his arm around the other).
Here the king is represented setting on a throne wearing a short curly hair wig with a uraeus on the forehead. He is also wearing the royal shendyt kilt and holding the (W3s) scepter, which is a sign of life and eternity.
The king is represented with very calm and ideal features with a light smile on his face.
The sculptor was very skillful in representing the characteristics of Egyptian art, as he show the muscles of his body especially those of the shoulders and chest.
Between the king’s legs there is a representation of a tail as a sign of power (as any part of the animal like the tail or the hooves was considered as a sign of power and protection, also one of the king’s titles was the strong bull).
Under his feet there is a representation of the 9 bows that refer to the 9 traditional enemies of Egypt.
The idea of representing them under the king’s feet is to indicate that the king is controlling over his enemies and spreading his authority over that land of all the surrounding countries.
Queen (Ti c3) is shown wearing a long hair wig with a uraeus, a long tight dress with a collar and bracelets adorning her body. Her beautiful calm features show her as a queen of a very high spirit.
She is represented setting on the same throne beside her son while putting her arm around his body. On either side of the throne there is a representation of the (Sma Tawy) sign of unification between upper and lower Egypt.
It consists of the windpipe and the two lungs. While the lotus flowers and papyrus plants (symbol of upper and lower Egypt) are attached to the windpipe.
As if to say that upper and lower Egypt belong to the same body, like the two lungs which are part of one body.