These 4 statues consider as an outstanding and unique Egyptian arts facts.
Egypt art: standing statue of Amenhotep son of hapu
The statue is made out of black granite. It was discovered inside the temple of Khonsu at Karnak.
It shows him as a standing young man wearing a wavy shoulder-length hair wig that ends in pointed cut edges at the front, and long pleated kilt tied around his waist by a belt that holds a dagger as a sign of nobility.
Egyptian art: double statue of Amenemhat III as a Nile god
Place of discovery: Tanis
Dates back to the middle kingdom, 19th dynasty, the reign of Amenmehat III.
Material: gray granite quarried from Aswan and Nubia.
The fact about god Hapy
He was the Nile god in the inundation during the ancient time.
He was believed to live in the 1st cataract where the Nile flow begins and that’s why the inundation season was called the arrival of Hapy.
He was represented as a naked man with long hair, heavy breasts, bulging tummy and a heavy beard.
His features carrying both features of male and female [Hermaphrodite] upon his head there are flowers either papyrus or lotus or both of them. He was also considered as a god of fertility. He was worshiped all over Egypt.
The description of the statue
This statue considers one of the most prominent one in the ancient Egypt art, especially the art of the Old Kingdom.
King Amenmhat III is represented in the form of the Nile god Hapy who was the only god that was worshiped all over the country. The two figures are wearing short pleated kilts and wigs with long locks.
They are carrying offering trays of fish (Nile fish) to identify that he was the god of the Nile (and not the sea) from which comes out lotus flower fish and geese.
N.B: notice the excellent quality of sculpture in high relief on each side of the dyad where groups of geese are suspended from the arms of the 2 figures mingled with the hanging lotus flowers.
The king in the two figures is represented wearing an unusual headdress and a beard.
This double statue is so unusual both in its type and attributes that a long time it was considered to one of the Hyksos kings called son “Shepherd king”, however, the famous characteristics of his facial features leaves no doubt of dating the statue to his reign.
Probably these two identical masculine figures represent king Amenemhat III as ruler of upper Egypt and as ruler of lower Egypt.
However, other scholars suggested that these two figures illustrate a cycle of regeneration where one is the reigning king while the other is his deified counterpart.
As for the redoubling of the royal personage, a theme occurring since the time of the 5th dynasty. And it flourished in the middle kingdom.
Notice the symmetrical composition in all parts of the statue (the outer foot of each figure is extended in front of him).
In this dyad, we notice the excellent workmanship and this can be traced in representing the muscles of the back, arms and the chest.
This dyad was removed to Tanis during the reign of king Psusennes I of the 21st dynasty. Who added his own cartouche.
NB: later king Tuthmosis III is represented like king Amenemhat III.
They were added by king Osusebbes I of the 21st dynasty.
Art of ancient Egypt: kneeling statue of queen Hatshepsut
The statue dates back to the new kingdom. 18th dynasty, the reign of queen Hatshepsut.
It is one of four kneeling statues of queen Hatshepsut, each holding two nw jars, discovered in the upper terrace of her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahari. The three other statues are now in the metropolitan museum of art in New York.
The statue is made out of red granite quarried from Aswan. It depicts Hatshepsut as a male monarch, kneeling on a base, with her hands two nw-jars filled most likely with wine or milk as an offering to Amun.
She wears a Nemes headdress with a uraeus on the forehead, a false royal beard decorated with wavy lines, and a pleated shndyt kilt.
The statue, like most other statues of Hatshepsut, gathers between the masculine body represented in:
The wide chest and the strong muscles of arms and legs, and the distinctive feminine facial features represent a clear evidence of glamor of Egypt art, as we can see:
A round full face with wide eyes extended by cosmetic lines, gently curved eyebrows, delicate nose, full cheeks and gracious mouth.
The statue stands on a restored pedestal that was made to resemble the original one, which was carved with a representation of the nine bows indicating the nine enemies of Egypt: Nubians, Asiatic, Temehu, Tehenu, Hittites, Mittanians, Beduins, sea people, and Ethiopians.
But since the number and names of Egypt’s enemies changed from one period to another some suggest that the nine bows refer to the three main enemies of Egypt ‘Nubians, Libyans, and Asiatic’ multiplied by three.
1- Hatshepsut did not at all times ignore the famine ending t when referring to herself.
This is evident from the text which describes her as mryt ‘Imn, and s3t r3
2- The designations which are included in the text of the back pillar refer to Amun-Ra.
While the designation was very likely used to indicate the statue’s location as it was found in the middle of the temple of Deir el-Bahari.
Art in ancient Egypt: the bust statue of Amenmhat III
Material: it is made out of black or gray granite which is quarried from Aswan and Nubia.
Place of discovery: it was found in a place called Mit Fares in Fayum.
Dates back to middle kingdom, 12th dynasty. Reign of Amenemhat III.
A bust statue is representing the upper part of a person from the head till the upper part of the torso.
The description of the bust statue: looking to the statue we’ll find that the king is represented wearing a panther skin which is very well seen on his left shoulder while the frontal paws on his right shoulder.
This costume was a fashionable one to be worn by the priests during the middle kingdom especially worn by the stm priests. It is supported by a double band across his chest under the collar.
He is wearing the (mn3t) collar which is composed of several layers of beads tied together at the back of his neck under the heavy wig. The king is wearing a unique heavy wig.
When at first they discovered this statue there were not any inscriptions but from the facial features, we knew that it belongs to king Amenemhat III: how?
1- The wrinkles between the eyes.
2- The muscles around the bitter mouth
3- The high cheek bones.
4- The gap which exists between the lower lip and the chin.
5- The protruding eyes with the heavy tired lids.
6- Reversed mouth.
7- The dramatic expressions of the face.
From his features, we conclude that they are very strong ones and this shows to us his strong personality and authority.
The king is represented with a false beard which was attached to his chin, but unfortunately, it is now broken off.
Looking the top of the wig we notice that they are supposed to be a cobra (uraeus), but unfortunately, it is fallen or broken off.
The king is shown holding two scepters terminating with falcon heads which are visible on each side of the wig. It is the first time representing a king holding such scepter. Most probably the king in this bust is standing.