Here, we will discuss one of the most significant statues which belong to the Egyptian art.
Ancient Egypt art: the statue of Ty
Ty was a high official and a royal scribe. He lived under the reign of the king Neuserre during the 5th dynasty and he was responsible for different pyramids and the solar temple of Neuserre and Sahure.
He built his tomb at Northern Saqqara which it situated near the complex of King Djoser.
The statue of Ty was discovered by Mariette and it discovered the tomb of Ty in the Serdab which it a solid building except for two holes there enable the statue to see the offerings and smell it or to smell the incense or to enable the Ka of the deceased to identify on his body or to connection with his family which they outside.
This statue is the original statue and the one which it found in the Serdab is a replica.
This statue is made out of painted limestone which it brought from Tura and El-Maasara and it represented Ty in standing position and his left leg is forward.
At the top of his head, he wears a short curly wig and it painted with a black color to imitate the real hair.
The eyes were not inlaid like the most artifacts in ancient Egyptian art and the nose in prominent and the mouth is delicate. We found muscles around his chest and muscles in his arms and also muscles around his legs.
We found his chest and his arms painted with the brownish color to refer to the man work in the sun or to emphasize the muscles of the statue.
The sculptor filled the spaces between the arms and the chest because the sculptor had no confident in the stone because the limestone is a soft stone.
We found Ty hold a roll of papyrus in his hand or a piece of clothes to emphasize the muscles. This was a traditional act in the art of ancient Egypt.
The sculptor had no confident in the stone that is why he filling the spaces between the fingers of the statue.
He wears a starched kilt and it tied around his waist by a knot the kilt painted with color, which is a characteristic in ancient Egypt art.
We found his left leg forward and there are some opinions around the legs but the first opinion indicates to he may follow the command of his heart and another opinion indicate to he may be represented military marsh and another opinion indicate to the left leg forward to create the balance. We found a back pillar to create the balance of the statue.
Egypt art: unfinished head of Nefertiti
The head is made out of brown quartzite. It measures 35.5 cm in height. It was found in 1932 during the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Society in a sculptor’s studio at Tell el-Amarna.
It dates back to the new kingdom, Eighteenth dynasty, and reign of Akhenaten, 1365-1349 B.C.
This extremely beautiful head of the Queen formed part of a composite statue made of several elements each sculptured separately and assembled after they were finished, a practice that was widely used in Akhenaton’s workshops.
A crown made of a different material must have fitted on the rough-hewn upper part of the head.
The construction lines made by the sculpture are still clearly visible on the head of the queen, which although unfinished, is, without a doubt, a masterpiece of purity and symmetry.
This head proves that, parallel to the revolutionary art of Akhenaton in which Nefertiti, like the rest of the family, is represented with the deformations of that particular style, the search for pure beauty was never abandoned.
This head is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful of all the portraits we possess of the queen throughout the history of art in Egypt, most likely due to the natural color of the quartzite and the absence of paint on the eyes, which given them a distant and mysterious quality.
The queen’s head shows an oval face, naturally elongated eyebrows, high projecting arches and cheekbones, half dimmed eyes with slightly downcast eyelids, a mysterious mouth, and elegant neck.
We know that she supported the religious reform sponsored by her husband and that she upheld and practiced the new doctrine with him.
She appears constantly at his side in all the religious and official representations of the period.
These unique depictions are nothing but a reflection of a new religious concept introduced by the new cult, according to which the royal couple represents the mythical twins Shu and Tefnut, who in the traditional religion were the first pair of deities to be created by Atum.
This means that, the original triad consisting of Atum as the primeval divine father and creator, Shu as his divine son and Tefnut as his divine daughter is now replaced by a triad consisting of Aten as the divine father, whose children are the living king and queen.
Nefertiti’s influence increased much further during the later years of Akhenaton’s reign when she became the official co-regent of her husband being identified as Neferneferuaten with the throne name Ankh(et) Khepera.
It was probably opposition to Akhenaton’s regime elsewhere in the country that prompted him to appoint a co-regent who could act as king and perhaps even take up a residence outside Amarna.
When Nefertiti became officially recognized as Akhenaton’s co-regent, her role as queen consort was taken over by her eldest daughter, Meritaten. Whether or not Nefertiti survived Akhenaton, who died in his 17th year of reign, is uncertain.